Doing More with Less: Preserving Fortifications in the 21st Century

WS1–Sunday and Monday, October 26 & 27

Workshops will be in French and English simultaneously interpreted and/or English with bilingual assistance as needed.

NEW Option: WS1—Fortifications is now open for a single day registration for the colloquia portion on Sunday, October 26.
Registration Category: Workshop Only
Selection: WS1–ONE DAY
Cost: $325 to include breakfast, lunch, full day programming and support materials.
Register Here

Register Here

WS1–Doing More with Less: Preserving Fortifications in the 21st Century
Sponsored by the National Center for Preservation Technology and Training
7:45–4:30  Sunday and Monday, October 26 & 27

Fortifications around the world have protected us for centuries. They now need our protection. Unfortunately, we watch them crumble before our eyes from neglect because of lack of funding and pertinent use. Learning to do more with less could save many of these structures.

North-American and international fortification experts will gather in Québec City, a UNESCO World Heritage City, for a unique opportunity to exchange knowledge specific to the preservation of masonry fortifications. The first day of this two-day workshop will be a colloquium open to specialists as well as non-specialists. Topics will cover an overview of historical, archaeological, urban planning, technical, interpretation, social and economic issues related to these structures.

The workshop’s second day emphasis will be entirely on technical issues and challenges and include a technical field trip. The focus will be on preservation and reparation techniques, drainage and waterproofing options that provide long-term solutions as well as making decisions about saving or letting go these structures.

The workshop will conclude with a general discussion that will allow participants to come back to the issues presented in the two days.

Québec City is the only city north of Mexico that has kept its fortifications intact, providing an exceptional venue for this discussion. Facilitators are, or were involved in studies, analysis, historical review and works on fortifications locally and internationally.

The intended audience includes professionals, urban planners, and managers administrating and intervening on historic sites with historic fortifications, as well as students in conservation programs.

Learning Objectives
Following this workshop, participants should be able to:
1. Describe the general historical context of masonry fortifications in Europe and the Americas
2. Describe the general archaeological, urban planning, technical, interpretation, social and economic issues and challenges concerning these structures
3. Discuss fortifications preservation and reparation techniques and their appropriate uses, including making decisions for the preservation of fortifications in a context of limited or no funding
4. Identify and connect with national and international networks and organizations with a special interest in fortifications (especially for younger professionals).

Key Messages
The following key messages will be presented to participants:
- Most fortifications will be in a survival mode during the 21st century
- Their increased vulnerability decreases their resilience
- They are landmarks and attractions when located in urban areas, but ruins when located in rural environments
- Climate change does impact fortifications, therefore, prepare for disasters or suffer the consequences
- Define where value lies because all cannot be saved
- Tell the stories that will touch the heart of communities, because without their support all will be lost
- These are not typical buildings; share experiences by harvesting lessons learned and networking

Language: Day 1 in classroom—French and English; simultaneously interpreted
                   Day 2 in field—English only with bilingual assistance as needed
Fee: $550 – Fee Includes: Breakfasts, lunches and materials
Location: The Québec City Citadel Officers Mess
Transportation: Walking
Dress Code: Casual (jeans) with good walking shoes (for Day 2 field trip)
Recommended Equipment: Notebook, camera and work examples for possible discussion with colleagues
Maximum attendance: 40
Handicapped Accessibility: Email APT for details
Continuing Education Credits: 13 hours

François Leblanc
Lyne Fontaine

Facilitators and Speakers:

Jean-Benoît Saint-Laurent, Architect
William Moss,
Robert Gauvin,
Hans Rudolf,
John Matteo,
Principal at MCC 1200 Architectural Engineers
Derek Trelstad,
Associate at Robert Silman Associates

Additional facilitators will be added as they are confirmed

François Leblanc, FAPT, FICOMOS, heritage conservationist, Ottawa, ON, Canada. Mr. Leblanc is a graduate in Architecture from Montreal University who specialized in heritage conservation at the University of York in England and in Ottawa, Canada. He was a registered architect with the OAQ from 1976 to 2007. He currently offers specialized conservation services. From 2001 to 2007, he was Head of Field Projects at the Getty Conservation Institute in Los Angeles, USA directing projects in more than 24 countries. He is the former Chief Architect of the National Capital Commission in Ottawa (1992-2001); he was Vice-President of the Heritage Canada Foundation (1983-1992), Director of the International Council on Monuments and Sites' Secretariat in Paris, France (1979-1983); Chief Architect of historic sites from the French Period at Parks Canada in Ottawa (1971-1975) and Quebec City (1975-1979). He has served on the Executive of ICOMOS, as President of ICOMOS Canada and on the Board of the Association for Preservation Technology International (APT). He was inducted in the APT College of Fellows (2003) and the ICOMOS Academy (2009).

Lyne Fontaine, CE, Québec City, QC and Ottawa, ON, Canada Ms. Fontaine is a Civil Engineering Graduate from Laval University, specialized in structure and soil mechanics. She worked for Parks Canada and Public Works Government Services of Canada for 35 years for the conservation of National Historic Sites and other federal cultural assets, including fortifications works in Québec, Atlantic, Ontario and Manitoba provinces, as well as Parliament Buildings in Ottawa. She initiated a mortar restoration research program with National Research Council of Canada and published numerous papers. She was involved in the development of standards and training on conservation at the national, North American, and international level (ASTM, RILEM, APT, ISO). An expert member of ICOMOS International Scientific Structures and Fortifications Committees, she participated in several fortification World Heritage Sites missions. Retired from Federal Public Service since 2012 she maintains her commitment to the promotion of structural conservation practice and research.

Facilitators and Speakers:

William Moss, Chief Archaeologist, City of Québec, QC, Canada, Mr. Moss has been with the City of Québec since 1985 where he coordinates municipal archeological heritage management for this UNESCO World Heritage City. He has worked as an archaeologist in England (for the Royal Ontario Museum in Peterborough and for the Archaeological Field Unit of the Royal Exeter Museum) and, in the province of Québec, for Parks Canada and the provincial Culture, Communications and Women’s Issues Department. He is a sessional lecturer at Laval University and a regularly-invited lecturer in Québec and abroad. A past president of the Society for Historical Archæology, Mr. Moss is active in several learned societies. He has numerous publications in both English and French to his credit. Mr. Moss is a frequent speaker at home and abroad and he has received several awards for his activities as a conference organizer. Laval University awarded him an honorary Ph.D. in 2014 for his contribution to the knowledge and the protection and the development of Québec City’s archaeological heritage.

John Matteo, Principal at MCC 1200 Architectural Engineers,  is currently working on the structural investigation and design of repairs to Fort Negley, the largest land-based fort constructed during the American Civil War and of dry-stacked limestone masonry.  At the APT Victoria conference, John co-presented on his experiences with the US Third System Fortification (unreinforced masonry) and Endicott Batteries (unreinforced and reinforced concrete) which replaced them. 

Derek Trelstad, Associate at Robert Silman Associates, is currently involved in the structural investigation and repair design of Fort Jefferson, off the coast of Key West, which suffers from its isolation, environment, original construction practices and previous restoration methods.  The unique design and construction methods at this fortification has required a high level of analysis with finite elemental analysis to understand the structural behavior and detail repairs.

Photo by Claudel Huot


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